In the 21st Century, Jewish community no longer just happens; it needs to be created.
- People are much less likely to live where they were born or grew up.
- Jews are much more likely to be intermarried.
- The outside world is, at least in the United States, less hostile.
- Younger Jews no longer have mostly Jewish friends.
To an extraordinary degree self-identity in the United States is no longer inherited, it is invented or re-invented.
The new Jewish community is open, voluntary, and pluralistic. People no longer automatically see themselves as part of a Jewish community, nor do they affiliate out of a sense of obligation. They choose to identify and belong if they believe that being part of a Jewish community can enrich and ennoble their lives and those of their families.
Jewish communities need to be compelling, exciting, and engaging places with a shared culture, but a multiplicity of ways to be Jewish, with an efficient and effective community structure.